Interpreting and Enforcing the Voluntary FRAND Commitment
Technical standards are far from a new phenomenon. Since the late eighteenth and early twentieth centuries, national and international bodies - in many cases purely private and voluntary bodies - have been promulgating standards in a wide array of commercially important technical fields. Over the years, thousands of such standards have been developed, approved, and used in industry. Until recently, all this was very largely the domain of engineers; until the last decade, despite their commercial and international importance, technical standards attracted very little litigation or legal commentary.